Ryomaden Episode 19 (2010.05.09)
Season 1: Ryoma the Dreamer
Episodes 1 ~ 13 - here
Season 2: Ryoma the Adventurer
Episode 14 Go To. Episode 15 Go To. Episode 16 Go To. Episode 17 Go To. Episode 18
Episode 19 Go To. Episode 20 Go To. Episode 21 Go To. Episode 22 Go To. Episode 23
Episode 24 Go To. Episode 25 Go To. Episode 26 Go To. Episode 27 Go To. Episode 28
Season 3: Ryoma the Navigator
Episodes 29 ~ 38 - here
Season 4: Ryoma the Hope
Episodes 39 ~ 48 - here
(Satō Yonosuke, head of Katsu Juku, teaches the students the parts of a steam engine cylinder.)
SY: The Piston Rod….The Connecting Rod…..Steam pressure turns the crankshaft, and through the screw-shaft, causes the screw (propeller) to rotate.
MK: Oh I see! That’s how it works! Let me have a go.
(Kameyata takes the handle and turns the crankshaft in amazement.)
R: How could those foreigners have come up with something so complicated?
Misc: Exactly. And they thought of this decades ago.
R: That’s right! That’s right!
MK: Maybe it’s a good thing we left Takechi-Sensei after all.
TT: (chuckles) I think so too.
MK: After all the Tosa Kinnōto seems to be all about Takechi-Sensei.
CT: We have to listen to Sensei’s beck and call. It’s no fun at all.
(Ryōma looks at the 3 Tosa men disapprovingly. In the meantime, Takechi walks the corridors of the Tosa Hantei* in Kyōto alone, looking for his supporters.)
TH: Where is everyone?
Y: (narration) The day that Jōi advocates had been dreaming of has finally come.
<Kyō, The Imperial Palace>
(Shōgun Tokugawa Iemochi kneels before Emperor Kōmei.)
TI: The date for Jōi will be May 10th
Kugyō*: Oh! 20 days later!
SS: (joyfully to himself) May 10th….. May 10th…..It’s May 10th (Hitotsubashi Yoshinobu looks at Sanjō Sanetomi strangely.)
HY: From May 10th onwards, all foreigners in our country will be arrested. All foreign ships along our shores will be driven away.
Y: (narration) The fateful day draws closer with every minute.
Episode 19: Jōi Kekkō (攘夷決行 Set on Jōi)
(Katsu Rintarō walks with Izō on the streets. As Katsu speaks, Izō watches out for anomalies around them.)
KR: Hey Izō. You must think I’m pro-Kaikoku*, don’t you? But in fact we’re true Jōi advocates.
KR: When we say “Jōi, Jōi”, there’re really 2 levels, macro Jōi and micro Jōi. ”Expel the foreigners! Strike them down!” That’s micro-level. What we’re doing is macro-Jōi - learning from foreign culture and then, strengthening ourselves to defend Japan’s independence. That’s macro-level.
OI: I don’t really understand (he smiles) But I’m clear on this. My duty now is to protect Katsu-Sensei.
KR: As for that, those idiots calling for “Jōi Jōi” want to protect the country just like us. So when the Jōi people attack us, try your best not to kill them.*
(Ryōma rushes out in front of them. Izō goes on guard at once, his sword ready to strike.)
R: Sensei! Katsu-Sensei!
R: Hey Izō!
KR: Stop scaring me, Sakamoto.
R: Eh? No, well…There’s something I need to report to Sensei.
KR: What is it?
R: The Bakufu has committed on Jōi to the Imperial Court. That Jōi crowd is rampant now. Sensei shouldn’t even be out here! You could be attacked any moment!
KR: Alright, alright. I’ll go back to the inn, ok? Yes… home… home. (He leaves at once.)
(Izō looks at Ryōma with a triumphant smile and walks off proudly.)
R: Hey, Izō! Hey!
KR: Oh Sakamoto.
R: Yes sir.
KR: It seems your Great Lord is tired of all this trouble in the Capital and has gone back to his Han*. However, he advised me just before he left: “Sakamoto Ryōma’s crime for desertion is pardoned.”
(Later, Izō and Ryōma have a meal together at a teahouse. Izō pours sake for Ryōma.)
R: Oh, thank you!
OI: This is wonderful, Ryōma. Now that you’ve been pardoned, you can openly return to Tosa again.
R: …..True. But, I still have things I want to do. To work with Katsu-Sensei and build up Japan’s Navy. That’s my big dream! (He laughs)
OI: I really…. envy you.
OI: I have no idea what I should do anymore. I can’t go back to Takechi-Sensei now.
R: Do you want to? (Izō looks at Ryōma) If you go back, you’ll be asked to kill again. Free yourself from all these bonds. Find your own way of life. That’s what I’m thinking.
OI: My own way of life…?
(Ryōma and Izō look up to see Hirai Shūjirō.)
R: Shūjirō-san! (Shūjirō looks at Ryōma with loathing.) Ah! My! It’s been such a long time!
HS: Can a dappan fugitive sit here, enjoying his sake so leisurely?
R: In fact, I’ve been pardoned for my dappan already.
HS: Izō. Are you Katsu Rintarō’s bodyguard now? Since when did Ryōma trick you into this.
R: (puts his arm on Shūjirō, turning him away from Izō) Shūjirō-san, please hear me out fi….
HS: Shut up! You two listen carefully. I’m now the Han’s…..
Misc: Move aside!
Shop: What are you doing?!
(3 men push their way into the teahouse and talk to Shūjirō.)
Officer: Don’t move. Tosa Han Rusu Metsuke Officers!* Hirai Shūjirō, for conspiring with the Imperial Court, behind the Han….
Officer: …you’re arrested for treason!
Shop: Please stop it, Samurai-sama!
HS: Wait! (Shūjirō rushes at the officers. Ryōma holds him back.) I went under Yōdō-kō’s commendation..!
Officer: The Great Lord’s name is not for a Kashi like you to call!
HS: I haven’t done anything wrong!
(Shūjirō pushes the officers away. Ryōma jumps in between Shūjirō and the officers holding up his sword unsheathed.)
R: Izō! Take Shūjirō-san and run!
HS: (his sword half out) Ryōma!
R: Go now! Izō!
OI: (runs up the stairs) Shūjirō-san!
Officer: Stop! They’re running away!
(Ryōma pulls part of the ceiling down in between them and follows Izō and Shūjirō up the stairs, throwing obstacles in the way as he goes. Izō brings Shūjirō through the windows and out along the narrow lanes. Elsewhere, Takechi Hanpeita is given the news about Shūjirō.)
Misc: Behind Takechi-Sensei’s back, he went to Shōren-in no Miya-sama* and asked to be given the responsibility to reform Tosa! Shūjirō-san has betrayed Sensei!
TH: Shūjirō has……betrayed…?
Misc: The Great Lord is said to be furious with Shūjirō-san’s actions and has ordered for his arrest and return to Tosa!
(Takechi hyperventilates and collapses. We hear the sound of Yamauchi Yōdō’s laughter in the background.)
Misc: Sensei! Sensei! Get some water, Motarō! Sensei! Are you alright?!
(Yamauchi Yōdō is delirious with laughter.)
Y: (narration) When it comes to the ability to read which way the wind blows, Yamauchi Yōdō is a true expert. When the country was all calling for Jōi, he allowed Hanpeita to do as he liked. Now in a complete turnaround, he’s begun to suppress the Kinnōto. In other words, he has anticipated an imminent change in the times to come.
<Edo, US Legation>
Y: (narration) Yōdō-kō’s perception was dead-on.
(At the US Legation, the American Minister of Legation, Robert Pruyn* meets with the Magistrate of Foreign Affairs*, Shibata Takenaka*.)
RP: (In English) “By the way, you’re not considering war against us, are you?”
ST: (In English) “While the Feudal Government* is not intent on war with America or any other country, a strong stance must be taken to keep Court Officials content.”
RP: (In English) “That’s good to hear.”
Y: (narration) Where previously defeated and pushed around by the Imperial Court, the Bakufu had begun to show their true colours.
(Hitotsubashi Yoshinobu and 2 other elders meet the representatives of each Han individually.)
Elder: Whether to truly implement Jōi on May 10th is the decision of your Han.
Elder: Will your Han choose to follow us, the Bakufu, or the Imperial Court, no….Or rather Chōshū who had been manipulating the Imperial Court…
(Chōshū retainer and Jōi leader Kusaka Genzui meets with Sanjō Sanetomi.)
SS: There’s treachery in the Bakufu’s actions.
Kuge: They’re forcing each Han to choose whether to side with Chōshū or the Bakufu in the decision to implement Jōi.
SS: What to do, Kusaka? If Jōi is not carried out, then the 7 of us who’ve been pushing Jōi forward all this time, will have nowhere to stand.
(Kusaka speaks to Takechi Hanpeita to ascertain his support for May 10th. But Takechi appears very distant throughout the meeting.)
KG: To all Sonnō Jōi advocates, May 10th is the day we’ve been dreaming of. Takechi-san, let’s kill all those foreigners!
TH: ….I understand.
KG: What’s the matter? You seem to have lost your spirit.
TH: No such thing.
KG: We’re so close now, yet Yamauchi Yōdō-kō has returned to Tosa. Why?
TH: …..Of course…to prepare for the execution of Jōi.
KG: Then will Tosa join the war like us, the entire Han together?
TH: Of course we will.
KG: I knew we could trust you! I’ll return to my Han now and make preparations for Jōi on May 10th.
TH: What is it?
Misc: Excuse me. (The follower enters and whispers something to him.)
TH: What? (He looks surprised.)
(Takechi goes into a store room and finds Ryōma sitting on some blankets. Without a word, Ryōma opens another door to reveal Okada Izō and Hirai Shūjirō on their knees.)
TH: (to Ryōma) Why did you hide these two away?
R: Izō and Shūjirō-san are both my childhood friends.
TH: (whispers emotionally) What “childhood friend”…! Izō, let’s hear from you first. Why did you end up as Katsu Rintarō’s bodyguard?
TH: I knew you’re stupid and don’t understand….but not to this extent!
R: Takechi-san! Izō is….
TH: Like a dog which bites the hand that feeds it!
OI: …like a dog…
TH: You… betrayed me, Izō.
OI: (quietly)…So I’m just your dog…(he shouts) I hate being a killer!! (He glares at Takechi.) Even though you say it’s for Jōi, I still hate it!
TH: (he crouches close to Izō) Did Ryōma teach you to say that? (Izō glares at Takechi in tears) You don’t like to be a killer, I can understand that. But, for the sake of Jōi, it’s not a case of whether we like it or not!
(Ryōma is trying hard to keep quiet.)
TH: Shūjirō, you asked Shōren-in no Miya-sama* to let you personally take up the reform of Tosa.
R: That’s because…That’s because he was led on by Yōdō-kō to do it. Shūjirō-san was only being manipulated into it!
TH: (jumps up) Ryōma! Who was it who pardoned your dappan in the end! It was the Great Lord! To a Tosa retainer, the Great Lord is even more important than our parents! I will not permit any slander of the Great Lord!
HS: It’s all my fault! I never thought of betraying Takechi-Sensei, not to mention, to go against the Great Lord’s wishes. I just wanted to use my own hands to do what I could, whatever was needed to change the Han, to change the country, where I could! That’s all I was thinking about.
HS: How did this happen…..(he starts to cry) How did it…. come to this…. Please forgive me, Sensei…!
HS: Please forgive me!
TH: (Takechi is crying too) Shūjirō…! How then…. How did you…
HS: I’m so sorry!
R: Shūjirō-san and Izō are individual humans. They’re not Takechi-san’s pawns. To think it’s OK to do anything for the sake of Jōi, I think that’s wrong!
TH: What are you saying…(he grabs Ryōma by the collar) What are you saying, Ryōma! You have no intention to fight…..Standing on the sidelines while we’re desperately fighting our way. What right have you to criticize me! I haven’t made a mistake! The proof is there. Jōi is about to be implemented. Come May 10th and you will see the proof that I am right! (Takechi pushes Ryōma off. To Shūjirō…) Return to the Hantei!* Shūjirō. Admit to your crime like a man and return to Tosa. Izō! You’re not one of us anymore. Go wherever you want to.
OI: (trembling) Sensei…
TH: And you too, Ryōma. When the war with the foreigners start, I will fight. And you can watch it all from afar.
(Takechi leaves. Izō cries heartbroken. Shūjirō looks stunned with despair.)
<Tosa, Takechi Residence>
(Sakamoto Otome, Chino and Harui have come to visit Takechi Tomi.)
TT: Hirai-san has returned?
SO: We’ve only just heard about it too. Something about being sent back to Tosa because of misconduct.
SC: Though they say misconduct, it’s probably nothing serious. Shūjirō-san is an important man in the Kinnōto.
TT: I hope my husband didn’t get involved…?
SO: Don’t worry, Tomi-san. Takechi-san wouldn’t be making any mistakes.
SO: Come, Harui!
SC: Oh yes.
SH: (puts a big basket down) Here, bamboo shoots!
SC: The three of us picked them in the Shibamaki mountains.
SO: We want to share some with you, Tomi-san.
TT: Thank you very much.
SH: You’re welcome!
SO: You can boil them to eat.
SC: They’re nice when roasted, too.
SO: (Putting some out for Tomi) There.
SC: They look good! (Tomi smiles, but she looks away worried, unnoticed by the others.)
(Takechi Hanpeita throws open a scroll. Inside are the names of the Tosa Kinnōto members and their thumb prints in blood. Takechi looks at Ryōma and Shūjirō’s names. They were the first two to add their names in Tosa.)
TH: (voiceover) Those who betrayed us, those who have left us, (he talks to the Kinnōto members) let us forget them! The Tosa Kinnōto….For Japan, for the Emperor, and, for the sake of our Great Lord and the Tosa Han, we will be declaring war on the foreign countries!
All: Yes, sir!
Misc: But, Takechi-Sensei! Where will we be fighting with the foreigners?
Misc: When will our Deployment Orders arrive from the Han?
Misc: We only have 4 days till May 10th.
TH: (grabs the man by the collar, in agitation) The Orders will definitely arrive!! (He shouts to the others) We only need to wait for the signal from the Great Lord!
(At Tosa, Yōdō’s Chief Attendant,Morishita Matabei, brings in dozens of submissions on a tray.)
MM: My Lord, we have extra-urgent requests from Takechi in Kyō.
(Yōdō turns around slowly and looks at the tray. At the same time, Hitotsubashi Yoshinobu meets with the Bakufu ministers.)
Misc: Oh! The Kaga Han* has finally chosen to side with us! (Yoshinobu smiles immediately.)
Misc: The Echizen Han will follow the Bakufu.
Misc: We have reports that the Saga Han has retracted their seafront cannons.
(Yoshinobu turns around and looks at Katsu Rintarō, who shows a grim face.)
HY: What’s the matter Katsu? You’re the one who said we’d lose in a war with the foreign countries. You should look happier than that.
KR: Absolutely. As my Lord says so.
(Yoshinobu smiles triumphantly. As Katsu leaves the meeting, he mutters to himself.)
KR: The Great Bakufu….lowering themselves to such means!
(Takechi leaves a meeting with his followers, but a few of them run after him.)
Misc: Sensei! Sensei! Still…the deployment orders haven’t arrived yet. What’s going on, Takechi-Sensei?
TH: The orders will come.
Misc: But then…!
TH: They’re sure to come!
(Takechi walks off, but all his followers look doubtfully in his wake. At this time, Izō sits brooding at the window in Natsu’s room.)
N: Izō-san? (She brings food in, and closes the window immediately so Izō will not be seen.) Izō-san, aren’t you going back to Katsu-Sensei’s place anymore?
OI: I don’t want to go anywhere. (He embraces Natsu) Just stay..Just stay with me forever, Natsu.
N: (nods) I will…I will.
(At Katsu Juku / private school……)
R: Right! The sextant next.
(As the Tosa men pick up their sextants for practice, other trainees pass by. They’re talking about Jōi.)
Misc: There’re no orders from my Han.
Misc: Mine neither. I haven’t had any word of enlistment.
Misc: Same here.
Misc: I wonder why.
SS: (To Ryōma) What’s going on?
MK: Tomorrow is the date of implementation for Jōi.
KC: The Hans which were set on Jōi….aren’t they going to do anything?
R: (worried about Takechi) It’s better that way. It’s better, but….
<May 10th, Early Dawn / Kyō, Tosa Hantei>
Y: (narration) And so, the fateful day of May 10th arrived.
(Takechi sits with the followers of the Tosa Kinnōto, unable to join the war in the absence of any authority / orders from the Han. On the Kanmon Straits*, Kusaka Genzui orders the Chōshū ships and shore batteries to fire on the American steamer Pembroke.)
Y: (narration) The Chōshū Han opened fire on an American merchant vessel passing through the Kanmon Straits*.
Y: (narration) But, besides Chōshū, no other Hans took part in the execution of Jōi.
(Takechi faces his Tosa Kinnōto members.)
(The members think back to the past - when the Kinnōto was set up; when Yoshida Tōyō chastised Takechi in public; when the Kinnōto members set out for Edo as emissaries of the Emperor.)
TH: (voiceover) We are called the Tosa Kinnōto! Our mission is “Sonnō Jōi”! We revere the Emperor. We carry out his word. We protect Japan from the evil clutches of foreign countries! (The Kinnōto members cheer at the founding ceremony.)
(Tears fill their eyes now. Disappointment can be seen on their faces. Later Takechi walks alone in the dark house. He looks defeated. At Edo castle, news of foreign counter-attacks reaches Hitotsubashi Yoshinobu.)
Misc: Urgent report, my Lord! American warship Wyoming has sunk the Chōshū warships, Kōshin Maru and Jinjutsu Maru! In addition, French warships have demolished their shore batteries!
HY: (Laughs heartily) Inform all Hans at once that Chōshū had acted on their own. The Bakufu had nothing to do with it.
Misc: Yes, my Lord!
HY: (looks at Katsu) This opportunity presented by the loss of Chōshū is a gift for us, Katsu. (Katsu bows and keeps quiet.) Yes, and tell each Han, any warships damaged by Chōshū will be repaired by the Bakufu.
(Yoshinobu laughs and walks away, leaving Katsu standing frustrated on his own. In the meantime, Ryōma has travelled to Kyōto to visit Takechi. He arrives at the Tosa Kinnōto hall and finds Takechi sitting alone.)
R: I’ve come so often to the capital of Kyō, this is my first time in the Tosa Hantei. Ah…what a splendid house!
TH: But, it’s still as death.
(Ryōma looks at Takechi, then sits down next to him and smiles.)
TK: We must have made a mistake somewhere…. May 10th was the day our dreams for Jōi were to come true. It became the day our dreams were smashed.
R: When they fired their cannons at foreign ships, Chōshū was easily crushed in return. Tosa Han would have suffered the same fate, if we had started the war with them. If…Japan…. Hans throughout Japan fired together, I guess this country would be reduced to rubble now.
TH: So it seems Jōi was a foolish thought after all.
R: It’s not the same thing! To practise Jōi, there are other ways we can use. I mean, building Japan’s Navy…..
TH: Ryōma….. It’s much too late. It’s too late for me to consider another way.
TH: Shūjirō has already been arrested. He’s been working for my sake all this time. Believing in my aspirations for Sonnō Jōi. For the Tosa Kinnōto, for me, he put in everything for us. In front of you, I’d chastised him so badly. But thinking about it now, I’m the one who owes him an apology. He’s a very capable man. Of course he’d have ambition too. That he’d want to reform the Tosa Han himself, I can understand that. In other words, I’m the one who’s wronged him.
R: That’s not true! That’s not true at all, Takechi-san! They all adore Takechi-san. Upto now, none of them will think that it was a mistake to have followed Takechi-san all this way! This set-back in Jōi is not because of Takechi-san. Different people have their different ways of thought. For Japan now, what can be done to move on from here, I’ve no idea already!
TH: You’re a very kind man, Ryōma. I call you a traitor and yet you turn round to console me.
R: Takechi-san. Let’s build the Navy together! And then, let’s put the real Jōi into practice!
TH: (stands up) I can’t do that. (He looks out the yard) I have to return to Tosa.
R: No you can’t….
TH: I need to see what I can do to help Shūjirō.
R: (suddenly in a firm voice) You can’t! You mustn’t do that, Takechi-san! If you return to Tosa… Takechi-san will be arrested too.
TH: (dry laugh) What do you mean? (pause) I haven’t done anything wrong.
R: That…I know, but…
TH: If I make a plea, the Great Lord will surely understand. That Shūjirō approached the Imperial Court in secret, with the good of the Han in mind.
R: (His voice is a whisper. He feels very sad for Takechi.) Takechi-san, the Great Lord is not the type of person that Takechi-san thinks he is. That master there… that master there… (Ryōma has a very hard time here) …He dislikes Takechi-san immensely. Whether for going to Edo….as the Emperor’s emissary or for making Tosa Han into the flagship of Jōi, in truth…in truth, none of these are things that Yōdō-kō is happy to see. I heard it with my own ears. Yōdō-kō said it, right to my face. (A tear trickles down.) Takechi-san, all this….all this is the truth, Takechi-san.
TH: (laughs lightly) Ryōma, I was bestowed delicacies from the Great Lord himself. As a reward for my continuous efforts made for the Han.
R: It makes no difference, Takechi-san. Open your eyes, please!
(Takechi is stunned to see Ryōma pleading through his tears.)
TH: Alright then, tell me. Why does the Great Lord hate me?
R: The Great Lord’s key man, Yoshida Tōyō-sama was killed by you. And because the Tosa Kinnōto is…. a union of Kashi…..
(Takechi looks away. He knows what Ryōma said is true. )
TH: What are you saying…Yoshida Tōyō was the evil who misled the Great Lord. He wanted to steer the Han in the wrong direction…
R: It makes no difference, Takechi-san! (He’s very distraught) Takechi-san, you’re wrong!!
(Takechi’s eyes are wet. But he gives a dry laugh, still not wanting to admit it.)
R: Please believe me, Takechi-san!
TH: Enough already!
R: (Ryōma is desperate) You must not return to Tosa!! Just this matter……. Just this matter, you cannot please! Takechi-san!
TH: Enough! (He pushes Ryōma down) Just stop it, Ryōma! (Takechi looks like he wants to cry.) My dream of Jōi…..My dream of Jōi…. is already in ruins. Now you tell me, I can’t trust the Great Lord anymore. You’re asking me to reject everything about Takechi Hanpeita, my whole life! A samurai…who doubts his Lord, doesn’t deserve….. to be a samurai anymore.
TH: (Takechi pats Ryōma on the shoulder) It’ll be fine. Once I help Shūjirō out, I’ll be back. I still have to fix it with Izō. I’ve been making that kid do things he loathes all this time. I must apologize to Izō. As for you, despite our conflicts, I’ve never ever disliked you at all. That’s true! Ryōma!
(Ryōma looks at Takechi, with tears streaming down his face. Takechi pats Ryōma again.)
TH: To have a friend to grow up with, is truly a blessing.
TH: I’ll be seeing you, Ryōma. Next time we’ll have a meal together. And we can have a good talk then. If you can…. really defend Japan’s independence from foreign threat, then, I’ll join your Navy. (Ryōma is too emotional to talk.) Until then, take good care, Ryōma. (Takechi smiles and turns to go.)
TH: (he looks back) Take care.
R: Takechi-san! Takechi-san!!
(Takechi leaves. Ryōma hits the pillar in frustration and sinks to the floor sadly, in tears, certain that his best childhood friend would not be able to come out of this alive. Elsewhere, Izō lies on Natsu’s bed, when he hears the heavy tramp of running feet. Natsu rushes in, followed by other men.)
(Izō jumps up. Natsu is thrown back by a hand behind her.)
Officer: Out of the way! Okada Izō! Give yourself up!
OI: Why me…
Officer: Cut the pretense, Killer Izō!
N: (holds on to the leg of one officer) Run, Izō-san!
Officer: Let go! (He throws her off.)
OI: Natsu! (Izō screams and then runs barefoot out the window and escapes onto the rooftops. )
Officer: After him!
(In Tosa, Hirai Shūjirō is being thrown into jail. He pleads with the jailers.)
HS: Please! Please!
Jailer: Just move it!
HS: Let me…explain…..!
HS: Let me explain to the Great Lord please!
Jailer: ”Explain”, ha!
HS: I’m reforming Tosa for….
Jailer: You’re in jail for the murder of Yoshida Tōyō-sama! (Shūjirō is shocked.)
(Osaka. The trainees in the Katsu Juku undergo physical training. Ryōma has returned. He works hard, but is obviously unhappy and worried about Takechi.)
Trainer: Go on!
All: Yes sir!
Trainer: Again! Begin! Begin!
All: Yes sir!
Set on Jōi
*1. Hantei refers to a Damiyo’s residence in another place.
*2. Kaikoku means to open up the ocuntry to the world.
*3. According to Japanese wiki (based on Katsu Kaishu’s auto-biography), during the time Okada Izo was bodyguard for Katsu, they were attacked by 3 men. The real Izo killed one of them and the other 2 ran away. The real Katsu had reprimanded Izo for the killing, to which Izo retorted “If I wasn’t there, Sensei’s head would not be around anymore.”
*4. Han refers to Clan or Domain.
*5. Rusu Metsuke Officers (留守目付役) - people who work under the office of the Han Inspector (Metsuke) who was stationed abroad (in this case, outside of Tosa). More info on Metsuke - here
*6. Shoren-in no Miya-sama (青蓮院宮様) - more info here
*7. The US Minister of Legation, Robert Pruyn - more info here
*8. Feudal government refers to the Bakufu (i.e. shogunate)
*9. The Magistrate of Foreign Affairs (Gaikoku Bugyo) - more info here
*10. Shibata_Takenaka - more info here
*11. The Kaga Han (加賀藩) is second in size of income after the Tokugawa Bakufu itself - more info here
*12. The Kanmon Straits (aka the Straits of Shimonoseki) - more info here
*13. An brief but interesting read on the events on May 10, 1863 and after -
(i) Overall View; (ii) Choshu’s attack on the Pembroke; (iii) Retaliation by other countries
Please note: Dialogue in double quotations “…” denotes words spoken in English.
Timeline for this Episode:
- To be updated
[Yamaguchi Prefecture, Shimonoseki City]
Of strategic importance to marine transportation since old times, is Shimonoseki of the Kanmon Straits.
In the year Bunkyu 3, the Choshu Han, which was determined to proceed on Joi, fired their cannons on western vessels here.
[Site of the Dan-no-ura battery / Mimosusokawa Park]
This started the Battles for Shimonoseki. The joint naval forces of the West displayed immense military strength. The war ended 2 years later with the crushing defeat of the Choshu Han, their battery emplacements captured and destroyed one by one.
[Capture of the Maeda Battery by British forces]
(from the Yokohama Archives of History / Yokohama Kaikō Shiryōkan)
Overwhelmingly outclassed in military strength, using antiquated ammunition and even wooden shells, Choshu Han fought this losing battle to the very end.
(left) Western shells (right) Choshu Han shells / Wooden shells
Moved by the straightforward nature of the Choshu men, (British diplomat) Ernest Satow had once said, “We came to like the people of Choshu immensely.”
“After defeating the people of Choshu, we came to like them immensely and our respect for the ideology of the Choshu people arose.”
[Site of the Kameyama Battery / Kameyama Hachimangu]
The Choshu Han had a long hard way to go thereafter.
[Site of the Dan-no-ura battery]
Take Bus from JR “Shimonoseki Station” and get off at “Mimosusokawa”
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Translated from the Japanese subtitles on the episode, with reference to the Chinese subtitles. Many many thanks to the hard work of all these fans, without which this would not have been possible!!